Chemicals play an important part in our life and we come across umpteen of them in our day to day activities. We are quiet unaware of chemical uses and in this blog you will see examples of chemicals that keep our life going smooth. These chemicals are used either in combined form or as some reagents.
|S:No||Common name of the Chemical||Molecular Formula and IUPAC name||Use|
|1||Baking powder||NaHCO3; sodium bicarbonate||Used for baking for cooking, releases CO2 in reaction with other ingredients|
|2||Soap||Esters||Used for bathing and washing clothes|
|3||Detergent||Sodium sulphate, sodium hydroxide and phosphatecompounds||Used for washing clothes|
|4||Toothpaste||Calciuym carbonate, sodium flouride||Used for cleaning teeth while brushing|
|5||Salt||NaCl; Sodium Chloride||Used in seasoning for cooking; also used as preservative|
|6||Vinegar||C2H4O2acetic acid, ethanoic acid||Used as preservative and for seasoning foods. Utilized for various household cleaning uses.|
|7||Graphite||Carbon||Used in Pencil|
|8||Alcohol||Ethanol(C2H6O)||Used in alcoholic drinks|
|9||Bleaching Powder||NaOCl||Commonly used domestic bleach. Used for cleaning purposes|
|10||Sugar||Sucrose; C12H22O11||Used in cooking as sweetner|
|11||Aspirin||C9H8O4; acetyl salicylic acid||Used in various medicines|
|12||Mouthwash||H2O2; hydrogen peroxide,||Used for personal hygiene.|
|13||Caustic soda||NaOH; sodium hydroxide||It’s a highly corrosive alkali which is used for cleaning, unblocking sinks, drains and toilets.|
|14||Moth balls||C6H4Cl2; 1,4-dichlorobenzene||Has a strong pungent smell and is used to kill clothes moths and fabric pests.|
|15||Chalk||CaCO3; calcium carbonate||Uses incl. blackboard chalk, pavement (or, in USA, “sidewalk”) chalk, gymnastics and rock-climbing, and sometimes in toothpaste.|
|16||Insect repellent (application on skin)||Diethyltoluamide||Protects from different bug bites|
|17||Hand sanitizer||IPA: Isopropyl Alcohol||Kills germs|
|18||Rat poison||Arsenic||Use to wipe out rats in household|
|19||Toilet cleaner||HCl: Hydrochloric acid||Cleaning toilet bowls|
|20||Whitener||Sodium hypochlorite(liq)||Whitening agent for clothes|
|21||Antiperspirant & Deodorants||Al2ClH7O6: Aluminum chlorohydrate||Controls body odor|
|22||Diamond||Carbon||Used in jewelry|
|23||Epsom salt||MgSO₄: Magnesium sulfate||Bath salt used to relieve muscle sores|
|24||MSG||C₅H₈NO₄Na: Monosodium glutamate||Flavor enhancer|
|25||Marble||CaCO3: Calcium carbonate||Used as Flooring|
|26||Sand||SiO2: Silicon Dioxide||Construction, sustainable container etc.|
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If we are to put down the use of chemistry in our daily life the list would be exhaustive. Now having known that chemicals and chemistry is everywhere, we are sure, the next product you come across you will be curious to know its chemical composition. We are happy to have kindled your inquisitiveness in chemicals & chemistry.
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