Chemicals play an important part in our life and we come across umpteen of them in our day to day activities. We are quiet unaware of chemical uses and in this blog you will see examples of chemicals that keep our life going smooth. These chemicals are used either in combined form or as some reagents.

S:NoCommon name of the ChemicalMolecular Formula and IUPAC nameUse
1Baking powderNaHCO3; sodium bicarbonateUsed for baking for cooking, releases CO2 in reaction with other ingredients
2SoapEstersUsed for bathing and washing clothes
3DetergentSodium sulphate, sodium hydroxide and phosphatecompoundsUsed for washing clothes
4ToothpasteCalciuym carbonate, sodium flourideUsed for cleaning teeth while brushing
5SaltNaCl; Sodium ChlorideUsed in seasoning for cooking; also used as preservative
6VinegarC2H4O2acetic acid, ethanoic acidUsed as preservative and for seasoning foods. Utilized for various household cleaning uses.
7GraphiteCarbonUsed in Pencil
8AlcoholEthanol(C2H6O)Used in alcoholic drinks
9Bleaching PowderNaOClCommonly used domestic bleach. Used for cleaning purposes
10SugarSucrose; C12H22O11Used in cooking as sweetner
11AspirinC9H8O4; acetyl salicylic acidUsed in various medicines
12MouthwashH2O2; hydrogen peroxide,Used for personal hygiene.
13Caustic sodaNaOH; sodium hydroxideIt’s a highly corrosive alkali which is used for cleaning, unblocking sinks, drains and toilets.
14Moth ballsC6H4Cl2; 1,4-dichlorobenzeneHas a strong pungent smell and is used to kill clothes moths and fabric pests.
15ChalkCaCO3; calcium carbonateUses incl. blackboard chalk, pavement (or, in USA, “sidewalk”) chalk, gymnastics and rock-climbing, and sometimes in toothpaste.
16Insect repellent (application on skin)DiethyltoluamideProtects from different bug bites
17Hand sanitizerIPA: Isopropyl AlcoholKills germs
18Rat poisonArsenicUse to wipe out rats in household
19Toilet cleanerHCl: Hydrochloric acidCleaning toilet bowls
20WhitenerSodium hypochlorite(liq)Whitening agent for clothes
21Antiperspirant & DeodorantsAl2ClH7O6: Aluminum chlorohydrateControls body odor
22DiamondCarbonUsed in jewelry
23Epsom saltMgSO₄: Magnesium sulfateBath salt used to relieve muscle sores
24MSGC₅H₈NO₄Na: Monosodium glutamateFlavor enhancer
25MarbleCaCO3: Calcium carbonateUsed as Flooring
26SandSiO2: Silicon DioxideConstruction, sustainable container etc.

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If we are to put down the use of chemistry in our daily life the list would be exhaustive. Now having known that chemicals and chemistry is everywhere, we are sure, the next product you come across you will be curious to know its chemical composition. We are happy to have kindled your inquisitiveness in chemicals & chemistry.

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